El subsuelo y mi cabina son mi espacio: perfiles laborales y patológicos en el metro

The aim of this study was to analyze and compare the epidemiological profiles of Mexico City subway drivers and inspectors. The target population consisted of 2.565 employees (1.620 drivers and 945 inspectors). A representative sample of 359 conductors and 200 inspectors was selected. Results showed... Deskribapen osoa

Egile nagusia: Delgado Lezama, José Luis
Beste egile batzuk: Noriega Elío, Mariano, Velasco Tenorio, María del Rosario, Villegas Rodríguez, Jorge
Formatua: Artikulua
Hizkuntza: Gaztelania
Argitaratua: Instituto de Altos Estudios en Salud Pública "Dr. Arnaldo Gabaldón" 2012
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Gorde:
Laburpena: The aim of this study was to analyze and compare the epidemiological profiles of Mexico City subway drivers and inspectors. The target population consisted of 2.565 employees (1.620 drivers and 945 inspectors). A representative sample of 359 conductors and 200 inspectors was selected. Results showed that workdays longer than 48 hours, isolation, repetitive work, uncomfortable positions, not neglecting tasks and duties, and a high level of concentration were more frequent among drivers. A substantial difference in morbidity was found in pathological fatigue, which was twice as likely in drivers as in conductors. Results also showed that the most serious situation faced by these workers is running over a person, experienced by 25,6% of the sample. There was an association between this outcome and both cardiovascular symptoms and high cholesterol. We conclude that the problems experienced by workers mostly have to do with workplace organization and factors inherent to the process which involve high demands on the employee, creating emotional stress and a permanent state of stress. This study proposes a set of measures to better deal with the main deleterious effects on health found in the study.