World policy battles on pharmaceutical patent protection: micro-history of a forum shift and its legal implications

the internationalization of intellectual property protection was subject to a historical forum shift from WIPO to WTO in the 90s under the pressure of technology-exporting countries and their IP constituencies: the TRIPs agreement was its product. However, the agreement was designed to ratchet up gl... Deskribapen osoa

Egile nagusia: Zapatero Miguel, Pablo
Formatua: Artikulua
Hizkuntza: Gaztelania
Argitaratua: Universidad Carlos III: Área de Derecho Internacional Privado. Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. 2013
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Laburpena: the internationalization of intellectual property protection was subject to a historical forum shift from WIPO to WTO in the 90s under the pressure of technology-exporting countries and their IP constituencies: the TRIPs agreement was its product. However, the agreement was designed to ratchet up global IP standards under a narrow regulatory structure based on mere phase-ins, and without considering social realities such as the eventual lack of pharmaceutical manufacturing capacity in many developing countries (article 31.f). As a result, technology-exporting and technology-importing countries are immersed in a tense ongoing re-regulatory process aiming to secure TRIPS inner �flexibilities�, under the banner of access to affordable medicines in the developing world.