Social Policy/Économie Sociale et Solidaire and History, with special reference to XIXth century French and Belgian doctrine,: Part One: Continental Europe

The aim of this article is to share with English-speaking readers a number of considerations regarding the definition of Social Policy, essentially, within XIXthcentury French doctrine, where it was firstly known as Économie sociale and, secondly, as Économie sociale et solidaire. We turn to Th. Vil... Deskribapen osoa

Egile nagusia: Amaya Galván, María del Carmen
Formatua: Artikulua
Hizkuntza: Ingelesa
Argitaratua: Universidad de Málaga (UMA) 2011
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Laburpena: The aim of this article is to share with English-speaking readers a number of considerations regarding the definition of Social Policy, essentially, within XIXthcentury French doctrine, where it was firstly known as Économie sociale and, secondly, as Économie sociale et solidaire. We turn to Th. Villard�s writings, among which a very interesting book from a conceptual viewpoint can be consulted to approach the main notions of Social Policy. Moreove r, some of Pierre-Joseph Proudhon�s ideas on the division of labour and on what he calls sociantism have been explored, together with the story of the birth of cooperatives in France and Flanders through P. Hubert-Valleroux. The distinction between Political Economy and Social Economy is a matter that gave rise to various comments by Camille Rambaud, although we believe her work is very willful, that is, goodwill, but its scientific conceptual results are clearly unsuccessful. On the contrary, Baron Colins didachieve noticeable results in his work devoted to the study of Political Economy as the source of revolutions and utopias that may have been called Socialist. A significant step, from a terminological standpoint and scientifically speaking, was provided by Pierre-Guillaume-Frédéric Le Play (1806-1882), who has undoubtedly contributed enormously to the construction of Social Policy science. There are also some interesting comments by the legal scholar Raymond Saleilles, and by Jules Pollen, A. Saléta, and even Ludwik Gumplowicz. Our last considerations refer to two current examples of two NGOs which carry out Social Solidarity activities in Latin American and in French-speaking countries in Africa . One of them is the Spanish Cooperación Internacional and the other one is the Belgian ACTEC, which was founded in Brussels by the Catalan Andrés Garrigó a nd, currently, thanks to its chief executive officer (CEO), Daniel Turiel, and to Guy Caeymaex, Cécile Bourgeois and Laetitia Gilot is managing to apply, in Haiti, Democratic Republic of the Congo and Ivory Coast, real social policies, according to, mainly, Frédéric Le Play, von Ketteler and John Paul II�s doctrines. Turiel, ACTEC�s ideologist and CEO, does not share Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, Louis Blanc or Auguste Blanqui�s social ideas, but neither does he adhere to Jean-Guillaume-César-Alexandre-Hi ppolyte de Colins, Baron Colins�s, who coincidentally was born in Brussels in 1783, where ACTEC is headquartered.