Federalisme, descentralització i pluralisme nacional: teoría política i anàlisi comparada

This article examines the topic of multi-national democracies and their possible political adaptation via federal models. The analysis has two main centres of focus. First, it discusses some of the elements of the theoretical dialogue on legislation in liberal democracies on such topics as national... Deskribapen osoa

Egile nagusia: Requejo Coll, Ferran
Formatua: Artikulua
Hizkuntza: Katalana
Argitaratua: Generalitat de Catalunya: Institut d'Estudis Autonòmics 2007
Sarrera elektronikoa: http://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/oaiart?codigo=2284210
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Laburpena: This article examines the topic of multi-national democracies and their possible political adaptation via federal models. The analysis has two main centres of focus. First, it discusses some of the elements of the theoretical dialogue on legislation in liberal democracies on such topics as national and cultural pluralism. Secondly, it carries out a comparative analysis of the federations and of some regional states in the context of their uni-national and multi-national character, their degree of federalism, their degree of decentralisation and the regulation of legal asymmetries or lack thereof. The article concludes by pointing out the possibilities and limits of federal models in multinational backdrops, advocating instead the model characterised as ¿multi-national federalism¿ based on three normative conditions: explicit political and constitutional recognition of national pluralism of the federation, a high degree of self-governance in five areas of application on behalf of national minorities, and the establishment of mechanisms for participation and conditions. All of these call for the institutional regulation of both the positive and negative collective freedoms that allow legitimate and stable political and constitutional accommodation in the multi-national democracies.