La asimilación de la culpa al dolo desde una perspectiva objetiva del Derecho de los contratos: primera parte

The Chilean law has generated excellent works concerning the assimilation of the serious negligence to the intent. In spite of repeating some of the aspects that are proper to the above mentioned topic, this article focuses on the tension of two positions on which the right of contracts is founded,... Deskribapen osoa

Egile nagusia: Barcia Lehmann, Rodrigo
Formatua: Artikulua
Hizkuntza: Gaztelania
Argitaratua: Universidad de Talca 2006
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Laburpena: The Chilean law has generated excellent works concerning the assimilation of the serious negligence to the intent. In spite of repeating some of the aspects that are proper to the above mentioned topic, this article focuses on the tension of two positions on which the right of contracts is founded, which are the classic theory of the will and the objective theory or the juridical business. Thus, this article tries to give a consistent scope to the assimilation of the serious negligence to the intent, not only in terms of the article 44.1° of the CC but also of the article 1547.1° of the CC. This work is structured in three sections. The present article deals only with the first one of them. This part intends to delimit the ambit of application of the assimilation of the serious negligence to the intent with a conclusion that this assimilation works as a general principal of the Patrimonial Civil Law. Thus, there exists a relation between two principals on which the mentioned assimilation lays down. ("nemo auditur propriam suam turpitudinem allegans" y "culpa lata dolus est"). These maxims lay down, not only in a behavior contrary to the good faith, but they denote a great deal of negligence which are demonstrative of intent, in accordance to an objective conception of intent that escapes from voluntary or intentional elements for its determination.